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  • 高校实验室装修该怎么样设计?
    来源: 浏览: 发布日期:2019-01-02
    一、试验楼的特色
    I. Characteristics of Test Buildings
    试验楼设计一般来说,在结构上有四个特色,一是承重的特色,即试验设备的安顿要由结构来合作;二是使用的特色,即协调完成试验需求结构在三维空间上的合作;三是避振的特色,也就是说试验设备的振荡需求结构合作解决;四是空间特色,也就是说特别大型试验设备需求结构在空间外形上给予合作。
    Generally speaking, the design of test building has four characteristics in structure specialty, one is bearing characteristics, that is, the placement of test equipment should be cooperated by structure; the other is using characteristics, that is, coordinating the completion of the cooperation of test demand structure in three-dimensional space; the third is the characteristics of vibration avoidance, that is to say, the cooperative solution of the oscillation demand structure of test equipment; and the fourth is spatial characteristics, that is, especially large-scale. The structure of test equipment needs to cooperate in space configuration.
    二、教育试验室楼的试验室划分
    Division of Laboratories in Educational Laboratory Building
    1.试验楼中一般有物理试验室、化学试验室和生物试验室。
    1. There are physical laboratory, chemical laboratory and biological laboratory in the test building.
    2.其间物理、化学试验室可分为边讲边试试验室、分组试验及演示试验室三种类型。
    2. Physical and chemical laboratories can be divided into three types: trial-and-talk laboratory, group-test laboratory and demonstration laboratory.
    3.生物试验室可分显微镜试验室、演示室及生物剖解室三种类型,依据教育需求及学校的不同条件,这些类型的试验室可全设或兼用。
    3. Biological laboratories can be divided into three types: microscopic laboratory, demonstration laboratory and bioanatomical laboratory. According to educational needs and different conditions of schools, these types of laboratories can be set up or used simultaneously.
    三、试验楼一般功用布局的基础注意事项
    3. Basic Notices for General Functional Layout of Test Buildings
    1.试验室设计家具布置时,排试验桌的前沿与黑板的水平距离不该小于2.5m,排距不该小于1.2m。
    1. When designing furniture layout in the laboratory, the horizontal distance between the front of the first row of test tables and the blackboard should not be less than 2.5m, and the row distance should not be less than 1.2m.
    2.后一排试验桌后沿距黑板不该大于11m,距后墙不该小于1.2m。试验桌端部与墙面(或凸出墙面的壁柱或设备管道)的净距离均不该小于0.5m。
    2. The back edge of the last test table should not be greater than 11m from the blackboard and less than 1.2m from the back wall. The net distance between the end of the test table and the wall (or the wall column or equipment pipeline protruding from the wall) should not be less than 0.5m.
    3.各种试验室及附属用房应依据功用的要求设置给水排水系统、通风管道和各种电源插座。
    3. Water supply and drainage systems, ventilation pipes and various power outlets should be set up in various laboratories and auxiliary rooms according to functional requirements.
    4.试验室内应设置黑板、讲台、窗帘杆、银幕挂钩、挂镜线和“学习园地”栏。
    4. Blackboard, platform, curtain pole, screen hook, mirror line and "learning garden" column should be set up in the laboratory.
    5.化学试验室、化学预备室及生物剖解试验室的地面应设地漏。
    5. Ground leakage should be installed on the ground of chemical laboratory, chemical preparation laboratory and biological anatomy laboratory.
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