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  • 实验室装修前期的规划!
    来源: 浏览: 发布日期:2018-12-05
    无论做什么事情都要有一个规划,装修也不例外大家在准备建设一个实验室前,一定要考虑目标实验室装修的总体规划,包括实验室的性质、目的、任务、依据和规模,确定实验室功能和仪器设备选型等。其中仪器选型直接影响实验室的布置。所以马虎不得。
    No matter what we do, we must have a plan. Before we prepare to build a laboratory, we must consider the overall plan of the target laboratory decoration, including the nature, purpose, task, basis and scale of the laboratory, and determine the laboratory function and equipment selection. The selection of instruments directly affects the layout of laboratories. So sloppy.
    1.平面布置图
    1. floor plan
    确定实验室整体平面布置图,明确实验室布局。实验室要求与办公区域有效隔离,功能区域划分明晰,实验间互不干扰,疏散通道畅通。实验室的给水遵循方便就近取用的原则,在必要的地方设置水槽。特别是某些需要用外接水源的仪器旁边,必须设有水槽,方便用水取水。
    Determine the overall layout of the laboratory, clear the layout of the laboratory. The laboratory requires effective isolation from the office area, clear division of functional areas, non-interference between the experiments, and smooth evacuation channels. Laboratory water supply follows the principle of convenient access, and flumes are set up where necessary. Especially, beside some instruments that need external water sources, there must be a water tank to facilitate water intake.
    3.电路
    3. circuit
    电路设计须考虑整体功率的大小、三相电要求、特殊仪器稳定性的要求。为方便操作和满足安全管理的要求,实验室一般要求设置独立控制开关。
    Circuit design should take into account the size of the overall power, three-phase electrical requirements, stability requirements of special instruments. In order to facilitate operation and meet the requirements of safety management, laboratories generally require the setting of independent control switches.
    一个正确和良好的接地系统对分析实验室仪器正常、可靠和安全运行是非常必要的。
    A correct and good grounding system is very necessary for the normal, reliable and safe operation of analytical laboratory instruments.
    4.气路
    4. gas path
    供气模式有集中供气和单独供气两种。气体路管应沿墙明设,以便安装维护。
    There are two modes of gas supply: centralized gas supply and single gas supply. Gas pipelines should be laid out along the wall for installation and maintenance.
    5.通风系统
    5. ventilation system
    通风是实验室设计中不可缺少的一个组成部分。为了减少实验人员的伤害,实验室必须通风。
    Ventilation is an indispensable part of laboratory design. In order to reduce the injury of the experimenters, the laboratory must be ventilated.
    实验室装修
    实验室的通风方式有两种,即局部排风和全室通风。局部排风是在有害物产生后产即就近排出,这种方式能以较少的风量排走大量的有害物,被广泛采用在现代实验室中。对于有些实验不能使用局部排风,或者局部排风满足不了要求时,应该采用全室通风。通风系统的关注焦点是进出风口位置的确定和风口的预埋。
    There are two ventilation modes in the laboratory, i. e. local exhaust and whole room ventilation. Local ventilation is a kind of near discharge after the production of harmful substances, which can remove a large number of harmful substances with less air volume, and is widely used in modern laboratories. For some experiments, if local exhaust is not available, or local exhaust can not meet the requirements, the whole room ventilation should be used. The focus of attention of ventilation system is the determination of the position of air inlet and outlet and the embedding of air outlet.
    确定实验室装备的规格和选型:实验室装备配置内容主要包括实验台的布局模式、结构尺寸、台面选择、通风柜选型、实验用柜选型、安全设施配备等。
    Determine the specifications and selection of laboratory equipment: The configuration of laboratory equipment mainly includes the layout mode, structure size, mesa selection, ventilator selection, experimental cabinet selection, safety facilities and so on.
    布局模式:实验台布局的重点是安全性和方便性,有以下几种常用的模式:
    Layout pattern: Layout of the experimental platform focuses on security and convenience. There are several commonly used patterns as follows:
    (1)岛型。是常见的一种模式。常使用于大空间、成长方形的室内形式。此模式的特点是人流顺畅;
    (1) island type. It is the most common pattern. Usually used in large space, rectangular indoor form. This model is characterized by smooth flow of people.
    (2)半岛型。这也是一种比较典型的应用方式,此模式适用于狭长的房间;
    (2) Peninsula type. This is also a typical application mode, which is suitable for narrow rooms.
    (3)L型。L型适用于较为窄小的房间形式;
    (3) L type. L type is suitable for narrower room form.
    (4)U型与一字型(即侧边实验台)布局也较常用。
    (4) U-type and one-type (i.e. side test-bed) layout is also more commonly used.
    以上信息是由大家实验室装修整理发布希翼大家看完以后能对自己有所帮助大家的网站是:!
    The above information is published by our laboratory renovation. Hope you can help yourself after reading our website is: !
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