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  • 浅析实验室建设误区
    来源: 浏览: 发布日期:2018-10-16
    通常的实验室是由几个甚至十几个子系统进行的有机组合,共同构建的一个大的实验室环境。它不是建筑、仪器和实验家具的简单组合。在实验室着手设计和建设之前,就必须事先完成前期的调研、规划、设计工作。
    Usually a laboratory is an organic combination of several or even dozens of professional subsystems to build a large laboratory environment. It is not a simple combination of architecture, apparatus and experimental furniture. Before the design and construction of the laboratory, it is necessary to complete the preliminary research, planning and design work.
    目前,国内实验室建设存在一个普遍现象,就是在还没有进行全面、细致的实验室设计的情况下,就开始土建设计和施工,由此会带来一系列的问题。比如:建筑模块不符合要求(指大楼的空间、进深、层高、走廊尺度不能满足实验室的工艺需求);大楼屋面和有特殊要求的局部楼面承重和抗震指标不能满足设备需求;大楼的排风井、电井、给水井和供气管井等的位置和大小不能满足建设要求;大楼的配电负荷不够;大楼未设独立的实验室排水管网,或位置、数量不满足要求,以及未建废水调节池;未考虑实验室补风、洁净实验室新风和恒温恒湿新风引入位置;因为考虑不周详,引进的设备摆放位置不理想,或配套的水、电、气不到位等等,为后期的实验室建设埋下隐患(国内很多已建成项目或多或少出现了以上的一些类似问题,一定程度上增加了工程造价,拖延了项目工期,影响了预期效果)。
    At present, there is a common phenomenon in domestic laboratory construction, that is, in the absence of comprehensive and detailed laboratory design, civil engineering design and construction began, which will bring a series of problems. For example: building modules do not meet the requirements (referring to the building space, depth, floor height, corridor scale can not meet the technological requirements of the laboratory); building roof and special requirements of local floor load and seismic indicators can not meet the equipment needs; building professional ventilation wells, wells, water wells and gas supply wells and other locations The size and size of the building can not meet the requirements of professional construction; the distribution load of the building is insufficient; the building does not have an independent laboratory drainage network, or the location and quantity of the building does not meet the requirements, as well as the construction of waste water control pool; did not consider the laboratory supplementary air, clean laboratory fresh air and constant temperature and humidity fresh air introduction location; because of inadequate consideration, introduced The unsatisfactory placement of equipment, or the lack of water, electricity, gas, and so on, lay a hidden danger for the later laboratory construction (many domestic completed projects more or less appeared above some similar problems, to a certain extent, increased the project cost, delayed the project duration, affected the expected results).
    实验室装修
    事实上,大楼土建只是实现实验室功能需求的载体,装载是实验家具和仪器设备,服务于实验室的个性化需求。因此,在土建工程规划设计之前,首先要制定实验室的总体规划,确定实验室建设的目的、任务、依据和规模,确定各类实验室功能、工艺条件以及规模大小,确定近远期所需要的仪器设备,以及配套的环境要求等。在各方面工作准备就绪后,综合各的基本要求,统筹兼顾,再着手土建工程设计和施工,从源头上避免差错的发生,后期的实验室建设才能做到“水到渠成”。
    In fact, building construction is only the carrier to achieve the functional requirements of the laboratory, loading is the experimental furniture and equipment, serving the laboratory's professional personalized needs. Therefore, before the planning and design of civil engineering, we should first formulate the overall plan of the laboratory, determine the purpose, task, basis and scale of the laboratory construction, determine the functions, technological conditions and size of various laboratories, determine the instruments and equipment needed in the near and long term, and the supporting environmental requirements. After all aspects of work are ready, the basic requirements of various professions are integrated, and the civil engineering design and construction are considered as a whole. Errors can be avoided from the source. Only in the later stage of laboratory construction can we achieve "water to canal".
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