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  • 实验室建设规划有哪些?
    来源: 浏览: 发布日期:2017-12-15
    实验室建设规划时,一定要知道一些实验室建设规划的基本常识,才能很好的进行实验室建设规划。那么实验室装修规划的基本常识是哪些呢?实验室装修基本常识主要有以下几点:
    In the planning of laboratory construction, we must know the basic common sense of some laboratory construction planning so as to make a good plan for the construction of the laboratory. So what are the basic common sense of laboratory decoration planning? The basic common sense of laboratory decoration has the following points:
    1、实验室开始工作前应了解气体总阀门、水阀门及电闸所在处。离开实验室时,一定要将室内检查一遍,应将水、电、气的开关关好,门窗锁好。
    1, the laboratory before starting work should be aware of the total gas valve, water valves and gates are located. When you leave the laboratory, you must check the room, turn off the switch of water, electricity and gas, and lock the doors and windows.
    2、开启髙压气瓶时,操编辑须站在气瓶出气口的侧面,气瓶应直立,然后缓缓旋开瓶阀。气体必须经减压阀减压,不得直接放气。开关高压气瓶瓶阀时,要用手或专门扳手,不得随便使用凿子、钳子等工具硬扳,以防损坏瓶阀。使用装有易燃、易爆、有毒气体的气瓶工作地点,应保证良好的通风换气,专人负责使用和维护。
    2, open the high pressure cylinder, the operator shall stand on the outlet side of the cylinders, the cylinders should be upright, and then slowly unscrew the bottle valve. The gas must be decompressed by the pressure relief valve, and the gas must not be deflated directly. When switching high pressure cylinder valve, it is necessary to use hand or special wrench, and not to use the tools of chisel, pliers and other tools to prevent the damage of the bottle valve. The use of flammable, explosive and toxic gas cylinders should be used to ensure good ventilation and ventilation, and the special person is responsible for the use and maintenance of the gas.
    3、实验室装修使用电器设备时一定要严防触电;绝不能用湿手或在眼睛旁视时开关电闸和电器开关。使用前首先使用试电笔检查一下电器设备是否存在漏电情况,如果仪器出现漏电情况的,一律不能使用。
    3, the laboratory must use electrical equipment to prevent electric shock decoration; never use wet hands or eyes in side view when switching the switch and electrical switch. Before use, first used shidianbi check electrical equipment if there is leakage, if the instrument of leakage current, can not be used.
    4、使用可燃物,特别是易燃物时应特别小心。不要大量放在桌上,更不要在靠近火焰处。只有在远离火源时,或将火焰熄灭后,才可大量倾倒易燃液体。低沸点的有机溶剂不准在火上直接加热,只能在水浴上利用回流冷凝管加热或蒸馏。
    4. The use of combustibles, especially flammable substances, should be particularly careful. Don't put it on the table, not close to the flame. The flammable liquid can be dumped in a large amount only when it is away from the fire source or after the flame is extinguished. Low boiling organic solvents are not allowed to be heated directly on the fire, and can only be heated or distilled by reflux condensing tubes on a water bath.
    5、实验室装修使用浓酸、浓碱,必须极为小心地操作,防止溅出。用移液管量取这些试剂时,必须使用橡皮球,绝对不能用口汲取。若不慎溅在实验台上或地面,必须及时用湿抹布擦洗干净。如果触及皮肤应马上治疗。
    5, laboratory decoration using concentrated acid concentrated alkali, must be extremely careful operation, prevent spills. When using a pipette to measure these reagents, a rubber ball must be used, and it must not be absorbed by the mouth. If it is spattered on the experimental platform or the ground, it must be cleaned with wet cloth in time. If you touch the skin, you should be treated immediately.
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